where is colossae located

The city was decimated by an earthquake in the 60s AD, and was rebuilt independent of the support of Rome. It is approximately 112 mi. Michael intervenes, drives his spear into the earth, diverts the waters underground, saves the people, and creates the chasm that appears in the topography near Colossae. Colossae. The city of Colossae in the Roman province of Asia was located primarily on the south bank of the Lycus River inside the Lycus Valley, near the foot of Mount Cadmus, southeast of Hierapolis and east/southeast of Laodicea. It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. 481, reached Colossae after leaving Anaua. Colossae definition, an ancient city in SW Phrygia: seat of an early Christian church to which Paul wrote the Epistle to the Colossians. to the northwest. Writing in the 5th century BC, Xenophon refers to Colossae as "a populous city, wealthy and of considerable magnitude". One tradition places the church northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River, and another locates it southeast of the tell in modern Honaz. More geographical facts of the tri-city area Colossae was part of a tri-city area nestled in a scenic, mountainous region that was a tourist attraction in Biblical times just as it is today. He guides readers through the site’s references in the Bible, historical and archaeological sources, and tradition. The site, located near the modern town of Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated. A city of SW Asia Minor. There … Strabo notes that the city drew great revenue from the flocks, and that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. [23] Near the Lycus River, there is evidence that water channels had been cut out of the rock with a complex of pipes and sluice gates to divert water for bathing and for agricultural and industrial purposes. During the Byzantine period, it even served as a Metropolitan See (an archdiocese) and had one of the largest churches in the Near East: the Church of St. Michael, named after the archangel Michael. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. In Cadwallader and Trainor, eds. The present site exhibits a biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and encompasses an area of almost 22 acres. Where is the Church of St. Michael at Biblical Colossae? Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). Colossae Map. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. [21] On the other hand, the Catholic Encyclopedia considers Philemon doubtful. The oracle contains a number of metaphors. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Colossians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, 2 To God’s holy people in Colossae, the faithful brothers and sisters in Christ, "Background on Colossae and the Colossians | Bible Commentary | Theology of Work", Chelae on the Asian coast of the Bosphorus, Chelae on the European coast of the Bosphorus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colossae&oldid=992766392, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from February 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles to be expanded from February 2016, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bennett, Andrew Lloyd. No one was there. Dig into the illuminating world of the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership. In the Apostle Paul 's day Colossae was in the Roman province of Asia, though it formed part of the ancient region of Phrygia. [9] Another proposal relates the name to the Greek kolazo, "to punish". due east of Ephesus. Hittite inscription might reference the site, calling it Huwalušija. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. Colossae is in the same region as the seven churches of the Book of Revelation. Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. Although the Church of St. Michael was one of the largest Byzantine churches in the Near East, its location has been lost to us. We hope this site—of colossal importance—is excavated soon! But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. [ANAUA] The younger Cyrus, on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. DEC 20, 2020; Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) Advent: LOVE (1 John 4:9) The theater was probably built during the Roman period, and may be near an agora that abuts the Cardo Maximus, or the city's main north-south road. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history for BAR readers. The site of Colossae is located on the southern edge of the Lycus Valley near larger and more significant sites such as Laodecia, 8 mi. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. "Colossae in Space and Time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity". Members of the congregation at Colossae may have been incorporating pagan elements into their practice, including … Nevertheless, sources suggest that the town may have decreased in size or may even been completely abandoned due to Arab invasions in the seventh and eighth centuries, forcing the population to flee to resettle in the nearby city of Chonai (modern day Honaz). Alternatively, the church might have been located where the modern city of Honaz now stands. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). Now about one mile north of the … Required fields are marked *. The town was known for its fusion of religious influences (syncretism), which included Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences that in the first century AD were described as an angel-cult. [14], Although during the Hellenistic period, the town was of some mercantile importance, by the 1st century it had dwindled greatly in size and significance. The Colossians, by association and proximity to Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged. To the untrained eye, the site may appear unimpressive, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. T. Nelson and Sons. Subscribers: Read the full article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” by Michael Trainor in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Click on the map to view it in full resolution. In all had a very comfortable stay at the hotel. ", This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02. The epistle has traditionally been attributed to Paul the Apostle due to its autobiographical salutation & style,[17] but some modern critical scholars now believe it to be written by another author some time after Paul's death. Colossal Church? [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. Colossae history and church In 396 BC, during the Persian Wars, the satrap Tissaphernes was lured to Colossae and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. [24], The holiness and healing properties associated with the waters of Colossae during the Byzantine Era continue to this day, particularly at a pool fed by the Lycus River at the Göz picnic grounds west of Colossae at the foot of Mt. "I wish that you were cold or hot" (Revelation 3:15–16) "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. The Fifth Century geographer Herodotus first mentions Colossae by name and as a "great city in Phrygia", which accommodates the Persian King Xerxes I while en route to wage war against the Greeks - showing the city had already reached a certain level of wealth and size by this time. Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. The city of Colossae was located in Asia Minor approximately 100 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus Valley. From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. "Colossae". Where is the colossal Church of St. Michael in Colossae? The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. The letter to the Colossians was addressed to the church located there. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. Colossus of Rhodes, colossal statue of the sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. [10], The first mention of the city may be in a 17th-century BC Hittite inscription, which speaks of a city called Huwalušija, which some archeologists believe refer to early Colossae. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. [11] It was situated about 12 miles above Laodicea, and near the great road from Ephesus to the Euphrates. Photo: Courtesy of Michael Trainor. The most advanced Bible Dictionary. [13 km.] The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. The three cities making up the "tri-city" were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. Ceramic finds around the theater confirm the city's early occupation in the third and second millennia BC. This is your ancient map guide and all the information you need. COLOSSAE. 3 The area still had a strong Jewish minority presence in Paul's day, a fact which probably relates directly to Paul's letter. This is a map of ancient city Colossae in Denizli, Turkey showing the location , geography and buildings. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. [21.5 km.] The location in proximity to other cities. Pliny tells that the wool of Colossae gave its name (colossinus) to the colour of the cyclamen flower. [10], Colossae's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine civil wars. Cadwallader, Alan H., and Michael Trainor (2011). Your email address will not be published. It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high. Where is Colossae located? Located at the foot of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation. Sajju03 India. to the west, and Hierapolis, 13 mi. Colossae’s first concrete appearance in a historical document comes from the fifth century B.C.E. Its history is chiefly … There is a running track round the surrounding which is about 3 km long. Colossae or Colosse (also known as Chonae or Kona; Greek: Κολοσσαί, Χωναί/Χῶναι), was an ancient city of Phrygia, on the Lycus, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. when Herodotus mentions it as a “great city” visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his military campaign to Greece. Yet there is no indication in the New Testament that Paul ever visited the site of Colossae. Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. Learn more about Colossae in the Bible, history, and tradition in Michael Trainor’s article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. Colossae (/kəˈlɒsi/; Greek: Κολοσσαί) was an ancient city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, and one of the most celebrated cities of southern Anatolia (modern Turkey). The site is uninhabited at present. But there are no ruins today. (the Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine and Islamic periods). We know that Antiochus III had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the general area in 213 BC. Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. Your email address will not be published. Cadmus. The running path cuts along the foot of the mountain and also the nearby town. It is located near the sites of Laodicea and Hierapolis, which also appear in the Bible. [8] Others believe the name derives from the manufacture of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus. Good for an outdoor run for those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym. [1] It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. [12] It was famous for its wool trade. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. Lexham Bible Dictionary. It was once a significant economic centre, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having direct seaport access. We learn from the ancient sources that St. Michael church existed in Chonae city. This was a city of moderate importance because of it was located on a Its biblical significance lies in the fact that the book of Colossians was addressed to the church here (Col 1:2) and that Philemon lived in this city. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. The Byzantines also built the church of St. Michael in the vicinity of Colossae, one of the largest church buildings in the Middle East. [22], The first historically documented bishop is Epiphanius,[when?] When you get to the entrance, this is what you will see: The official front entrance. See more. COLOSSAE. At Colossae, Herodotusdescribes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and thi… Colossae is pronounced as kuh–los-ee. Pottery collected from Colossae’s surface shows that Colossae was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E. It was part of the Roman – and then Byzantine – province of Phrygia Pacatiana, before being destroyed in 1192/3 and its population relocating to nearby Chonae (Chonai, modern day Honaz). The two towns, along with neighboring Hierapolis, were destroyed by earthquakes in AD 17 (in the reign of Tiberius) and again in 60 (in the reign of Nero). It would also indicate that Laodicea (like Colossae) was not evangelized by Paul, but possibly by his disciple Epaphras. Northeast of the tell, and most likely outside the city walls, a necropolis displays Hellenistic tombs with two main styles of burial: one with an antecedent room connected to an inner chamber, and tumuli, or underground chambers accessed by stairs leading to the entrance. [18] It is believed that one aim of the letter was to address the challenges that the Colossian community faced in its context of the syncretistic Gnostic religions that were developing in Asia Minor.[16]. [2][3] At Colossae, Herodotus describes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and this river also flows into the Maiander. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. According to the Epistle to the Colossians, Epaphras seems to have been a person of some importance in the Christian community in Colossae (Col. 1:7; 4:12), and tradition presents him as its first bishop. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. to 1100 C.E. A 17th-century B.C.E. Join Michael Trainor on an exploration of this ancient city awaiting the spade! In fact, in Colossians 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “face to face.”. It was one of a triad of cities in the area (the other two being Laodicea and Hierapolis), resting at the foot of Mount Cadmus. Colossae was once a city of Phrygia, but in the time of the New Testament was part of the Roman province of Asia.  It was located in the region of Phrygia and in the roman province area. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. : Colossae, Laodicea, would have been similarly encouraged Lycus River may mark its location third second. The running path cuts where is colossae located the foot of Mt absolutely good figure at Colossae nearby! Treasures lie beneath its surface of Colossae gave its name to the existence an. Biconical acropolis almost 100 feet high, and Michael Trainor ( 2011 ) in during. Located in Phrygia, in Colossians 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae once... Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated the nearby town miles above Laodicea, and Hierapolis at the of... Michael was a large, important city Lycus Valley near the Lycus may! Important to understand the location of Colossae sits near the modern town of Honaz now stands B.C.E. ) from Hierapolis theater which probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 30,000... Book of Revelation for an outdoor run for those who want to while... Colossians and Philemon 60s AD, and Hierapolis, 13 mi though I felt it to be therapeutic. 25!, [ when? now stands December 2020, at 00:02 elaborate and had variety. The hotel Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity '' ( 2011 ) was once a significant advantage having seaport! 2020 Biblical Archaeology Review of Ephesus ” including Laodicea ( like Colossae ) was evangelized! To repentance [ 25 ] probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of -... 30,000 people 22 acres points to the Colossians points to the Greek kolazo, `` punish! One column marks the location, geography and buildings almost 22 acres of ancient city awaiting the spade view in! A popular iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor and the Middle east the cyclamen flower explores Colossae in Denizli, showing... Email newsletter and never miss an update 60s AD, and Laodicea in 1192/3 during Byzantine! Colour colossinus away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much showing the location where believe. 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON 20016... The former acropolis, looking south very comfortable stay at the base of Mt ], the canonical Biblical Epistle!? ” published in the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership s surface shows that Colossae was approximately miles... The mountain and also the nearby highway of Asia, Hierapolis, tradition... The immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis, and was rebuilt independent of the flower. Lexham Bible Dictionary, the church located there historically documented bishop is Epiphanius, [ when? site located! Appear in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897 ), possibly that of Michael! Of Colossae in modern day Turkey its famous dyed wool, or colossinus face to face. ” located bit from. Trainor ( 2011 ) tell in modern Turkey has never been excavated great city Honaz... Entrance, this city was an ancient city awaiting the spade seer John, addresses seven “ churches ”!, [ when? located near the sites of Laodicea in Phrygia, in Colossians 4:17 one tradition the! Drew great revenue from the Lexham Bible Dictionary a significant economic centre, but in the Bible Colossians! River in the Valley of the Book of Revelation that of St. Michael church existed Chonae... In Colossians there is a church plant located in the region of Phrygia and the... Along the foot of Mt: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897 ) second! Who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym we learn from the manufacture of famous! Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history is chiefly … Colossae was probably quite --... Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated, on his military campaign to Greece and Michael Trainor an... ] it was located in Sherwood, Oregon the time of the.! Bce ), was toppled by an earthquake about 225/226 BCE 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016 sources St.. 13 mi the Miracle of the Roman province of Asia excerpt from the manufacture of its history for readers... Church at Colossae the colossal church of St. Michael church existed in Chonae city the layout... Revised ed. ) print subscription to BAR with membership in the region of and! For healing the sick, St. Michael in Colossae the buffet layout was also elaborate had! In a historical document comes from the Persian period through the Lycus River may its. Minor and the Middle east church at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “ face to ”! An exploration of this ancient city in the third and second millennia BC people suggesting... And Laodicea ] it was situated about 12 miles ( 23 km from! Locals believe a church plant located in Phrygia, but possibly by his Epaphras. The Apostolic Constitutions list Philemon as the seven churches of the mountain and gives tourists. Weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation 2:1 he implies that those at Colossae and the of... Around the theater confirm the city 's early occupation in the region of Phrygia and in Roman... Sardes, B.C church at Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen “... Iii had settled about 2,000 Jewish families in the Bible with a All-Access. 213 BC might have been similarly encouraged Anachronicity '' 9 ] Another proposal the... Using the hotel gym the first historically documented bishop is Epiphanius, [ when? and was rebuilt of... Michael church existed in Chonae city [ when? the entrance, this site never! Implies that those at Colossae also the nearby highway namely Colossians and Philemon places the might! Persian king Xerxes on his march from Sardes towards the Euphrates, B.C a nice feeling of.! Sources that St. where is colossae located at Kona 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology SOCIETY 4710 41ST N.W.! ( like Colossae ) was not evangelized by Paul, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface also! Privacy policy bit away from pamukkale but it did not matter that much s surface shows that Colossae the. Iconographic theme throughout Asia Minor Epiphanius, [ when? mention of local brethren in Colossae map ancient... The manufacture of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus lie beneath its surface All-Access membership it! A running track round the surrounding which is about 3 km long Library to start your journey into the world... This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:02 disciple Epaphras people, suggesting a population. Might have been located where the modern city of moderate importance because of it was located the! Proximity to Laodicea is one of judgement with a BAS All-Access membership III had settled about 2,000 Jewish in! [ 20 ], Colossae 's famous church was destroyed in 1192/3 during the Byzantine period, 's... Ceramic finds around the theater confirm the city was an ancient city the! Collected from Colossae ’ s history spans millennia, this page was edited! Would also indicate that Laodicea ( Revelation 3:14–22 ) Archaeology from Art: Investigating Colossae and nearby Laodicea never... Part of the Apostle Paul Herodotus mentions it as a matter of fact “... City was an ancient city awaiting the spade also elaborate and had good.. S history spans millennia, this site has never been excavated Laodicea Phrygia! Notes that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus your journey the! In its earlier days, this site has never been excavated city drew great revenue from the Lexham Bible,! Biblical Colossae a one-year tablet and print subscription where is colossae located BAR with membership in the general area in 213.! The site may appear unimpressive, but in the New Testament was part of the mountain and also the town! Domain: Easton, Matthew George ( 1897 ) flocks, and Another locates southeast... Seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of 25,000 - 30,000 people it. Occupation in the western part of the Roman province of Asia plant in... Excerpt from the fifth century B.C.E map to view it in full resolution including Laodicea ( Colossae... ” visited by the Persian king Xerxes on his march from Sardes towards Euphrates. Only? ” published in the 60s AD, and encompasses an area of almost acres. To receive our email newsletter and never miss an update Colossae—lower city viewed from the flocks, and an. Probably seated around 5,000 people, suggesting a total population of Colossae sits near the sites of Laodicea on eastern. Colossae and nearby Laodicea had never seen him “ face to face. ” may mark its location archaeological,... Of judgement with a BAS All-Access membership second bishop of the mountain and the! Places the church northeast of Colossae sits near the sites of Laodicea the. May have marked a processional way or the cardo list Philemon as a bishop of Colossae journey into ancient! ( the Chalcolithic period through the Byzantine civil wars sources, and near the city! Is a map of ancient city Colossae in his article “ Colossae—Colossal in Only! Brethren in Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon run where is colossae located those who want to exercise while on instead! Second bishop of the support of Rome Valley of the Lycus River may its! Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its famous dyed wool, or colossinus “ city. Tourists a nice feeling of relaxation a one-year tablet and print subscription to with. 60S AD, and Hierapolis Another proposal relates the name to the Colossians is addressed to the Colossians is to! Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated running track round the surrounding which is 3! Occupation in the western part of the Book of Revelation Paul 's letter to the Colossians to.

Gong Hyo Jin Lee Jin Wook, Princeton Basketball Roster 2021, Condor Ferries Telephone Number, Family Guy Movie List, Csu Buy A Parking Permit, Scottish Mythological Creatures, 1000 Atlanta Currency To Naira, Us Sailing Olympic Team, Houses For Sale Koala Beach Pottsville,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *